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Anaesthesia or anaesthetics is the medical speciality concerned with the total perioperative care of patients before, during and after surgery. It is a branch of medical science that studies anesthesia and anesthetics.
Al-Qaim Anesthesiology provides complete, advanced anesthesiology services for all surgical procedures performed at Al-Qaim Hospital, ranging from minor outpatient procedures to major operations such as transplantation. The department also provides comprehensive pain management for postoperative, chronic, and related pain syndromes. The faculty is active in anesthesia-related research.
Performing Anesthesia On Patient
What is anesthesia and how does it work?
Anesthesia is a state of consciousness or sedation achieved by using medications and/or non-pharmacologic adjuncts (therapy that does not involve the use of drugs), which decrease or block pain sensation of a part of or the entire body. Anesthesia may also cause full or partial amnesia so that the patient may not remember what is going on with them and around them. Anesthesia is used to increase patient comfort and safety during medical or surgical procedures. There are four general categories of anesthesia commonly used for imaging procedures, including:
A local anesthetic is a medication that numbs the treated area. The numbness prevents or reduces pain and sensation.
Local anesthesia blocks the electrical signals (called impulses) that transfer pain sensation through sensory nerves from the targeted area of the body. Local anesthesia only affects sensation in and around the treated area. It does not affect memory, recall of events or a patient's ability to breathe on his or her own.
For short procedures, when the patient is relatively calm and can tolerate discomfort, local anesthesia may be used alone and without additional medications. Local anesthesia may also be used with other medications that can affect memory, anxiety and the ability to feel pain at areas separate from those that received the local anesthetic.
Local anesthetics may be administered in different ways, including topical anesthesia, subcutaneous and regional anesthesia.
anesthesia is placed on the skin surface. The skin absorbs the medication and creates numbness where it is applied. Topical anesthesia is commonly applied to the skin surface in the form of a cream or an adhesive patch that contains the topical anesthetic. Anesthetic spray may be used to numb the lining of the nose, mouth or throat when required.
anesthesia is injected below the skin surface to numb the nerve fibers that otherwise would create a sensation of pain at the level of the skin and immediately below it.
anesthesia provides a more generalized area of numbness. Types of regional anesthesia include:
(extradural) anesthesia involves the injection of local anesthetics into the epidural space, an empty area containing the fluid-filled sac that protects the spinal cord. Injection of local anesthetics into the epidural space decreases the sensation of pain and touch by numbing the nerve fibers in the area of the spinal cord near the injection site. An epidural is most commonly administered to block sensation for procedures performed on areas from the waist to the toes.
(subarachnoid block) involves the injection of a local anesthetic into the fluid-filled sac that protects and surrounds the spinal cord.
Peripheral nerve blockade this involves the injection of a local anesthetic to specific areas of the body to provide temporary relief of sensation to the area.
Under general anesthesia, the patient is unaware and does not sense pain. General anesthesia reduce the patient's ability to breathe without assistance from the anesthesiologist and often times requires the use of a breathing machine (anesthesia ventilator).
To deliver general anesthesia and to maximize patient safety, a breathing tube (endotracheal tube) or another airway device (laryngeal mask airway) may be needed. General anesthesia can be achieved with a variety of different medications administered by various methods.
The most common method to deliver general anesthesia is through inhalation after an initial intravenous (IV) injection. The patient breathes in anesthesia gases that are absorbed by the lungs and delivered via blood stream to the brain and spinal cord.
A patient who receives general anesthesia is usually under the care of an anesthesiologist, a medical doctor who has completed three years of specialized training in anesthesia beyond medical school. A nurse anesthetist is a specially trained nurse who may also administer general anesthesia, usually under the direct supervision of the anesthesiologist. Under general anesthesia, the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist remains with the patient throughout the procedure and carefully checks the patient's heart rate, electrocardiogram, blood pressure and oxygen delivery (pulse oximetry) at a minimum of five-minute intervals.
Patients typically have amnesia regarding what happened during general anesthesia; only rarely do some patients remember events.
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372 Saidpur Rd, Block E Asghar Mall Scheme, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.